Thanks to the generosity of its land, its fertile soils, its eminently favorable climate and the knowhow of its winemakers, the Languedoc Roussillon is today the most ancient wine growing region in France. Its history is rich in events, from the 7th century BC up to the moment when Greek wines were imported into France. It was to combat this invasion that the first vines were planted in the region. On their arrival in the Languedoc, the Romans, known for their love of quality wines, took control of the land in order to grow vines.
At the end of the Empire, numerous battles devastated the land. It was left to the monks then to perpetuate the vine culture and thus ensure the survival of viticulture in the region. Thanks to them, the region again exported its wines overseas, benefiting from the local ports. But at the end of the Middle Ages, war followed upon war, and once again devastated the regional commerce.
It was with the creation of the port of Sète, under Louis XIV, that the wine business began to develop again. In spite of all their efforts the winegrowers in the Languedoc were again to know difficult times because of natural disasters (frost, drought, parasites and insects) which were to reduce their yields. The phylloxéra, an insect-borne disease which arrived inadvertently from America around 1865-1870, plunged the wine-growing community into crisis. The European vines were decimated and only saved by the fortunate importation of American root stock which was resistant to the insect.
But in recent decades the Languedoc-Roussillon has known one of the most impressive periods of development in the wine world, through better management of traditional grape varieties, thermoregulation of the wine vats, and the introduction of noble grape varieties.